Sale 15830
Einstein: Letters to a Friend Part II
Online 29 November - 6 December 2017
Literature

Published in Pierre Speziali (ed.) Albert Einstein. Michele Besso. Correspondance 1903-1955. Paris: Hermann, 1972. No. 8



On a series of scientific subjects, including the earth's radius, residual rays and photochemical processes – as well as Einstein's dislike of lecturing and the lack of good students in Prague.

Einstein disagrees with a remark of Besso's about 'the influence of refraction on the earth's radius as derived from the size of the horizontal radius', and provides a diagram to demonstrate what he means. Returning to the question of residual rays and the infrared proper frequency of salt (discussed in his letter of 26 December 1911), Einstein admits that he was in error in his critique of Heinrich Rubens's findings: 'However, this does not mean that there are two proper frequencies': a diagram explains the effect of the reflective cap on the theoretical curve, and he has written as much to Rubens. 'In my last paper I proved (in a thermodynamic way) that the radiant energy Nhν must always be absorbed in the photochemical decomposition of a gram-molecule by Wien's light ... So one does not need the quantum hypothesis for this'. Warburg has written to him about a confirmation of this in one specific substance. Meanwhile, Max Abraham has been working on 'the new gravitation theory', although they still have differences of opinion, and '[a] Berlin astronomer is working very hard on the verification of the deviation of light rays around the sun. He has all the solar eclipse photographs sent to him and measures them'.

Besso has been writing about his dislike of lecturing, a feeling Einstein shares ('For this reason I give them all a wide berth'). Einstein wishes he had better students in Prague – 'but the lack of interest for my beautiful field is grievous amongst the students. In my seminar I have one decent male student and otherwise only two halfway useful female students'. In any case, his appointment to the Zurich Polytechnic has just arrived, so they will be moving at the end of July. Habicht has made another important improvement to his 'Maschinchen' (referred to in previous letters). Mileva Einstein's postscript expresses her delight at the prospect of leaving Prague for Zurich, and refers again to their visits to the theatre and the comic opera.

Additional Charge Details

Additional charges, including buyer’s premium, value added, sales or compensating use or equivalent tax, any and all shipping expenses, including costs, packing and handling, any loss/damage liability fees, customs duty, import tax, any local clearance fees applicable for your country, and all other applicable charges will apply.

In addition to the hammer price, the buyer agrees to pay to us the buyer’s premium together with any applicable VAT, sales, compensating use or equivalent tax in the place of sale. Please refer to our Conditions of Sale for further details on buyer's premium.

VAT: All lots shall be sold as part of the Margin Scheme unless stated with the Dagger symbol (†) or the words “Dagger Lot”, the Omega symbol (Ω) or the words “Omega Lot”, the Star symbol (*) or the words “Starred Lot” or with the Theta symbol (θ) or the words "Zero-rated Lot." Please refer to our Conditions of Sale for further information on VAT symbols.

You are responsible for any VAT (including any Import VAT) payable as a result of the sale of the lot. VAT charges and refunds depend on the particular circumstances of the buyer. In all circumstances EU and UK law takes precedence. For the purposes of this online-only auction, the VAT amount in the buyer’s premium for EU private buyers cannot be refunded. For buyers outside the EU, VAT may be refunded if certain conditions are met including showing proof of a ‘controlled’ export outside the EU within 30 days of shipment (for lots marked with the Star symbol (*) or the words “Starred Lot”, or with the Omega symbol (Ω) or the words “Omega Lot”, on Temporary Admission) and for all other lots proof of export within 3 months of shipping. For buyers outside the EU where items are shipped outside the EU through Christie’s Art Transport, you will not be required to pay the VAT at settlement. Please contact Christie’s Client Services on +44 (0) 207 839 9060 or by email at booksonline@christies.com for further information.

For details on private and company bidding registration, tax information (including refunds and exemptions), and CITES lots, please see our FAQs and Conditions of Sale or contact us by email at booksonline@christies.com or by telephone on +44 (0) 20 7839 9060.

Payment Information

You must pay the full amount due (comprising the hammer price, buyer’s premium, any applicable value added, sales, compensating use or equivalent tax, any and all shipping expenses, including costs, packing and handling, any loss/damage liability fees and all other applicable charges) no later than 23:59 (GMT) on Monday, 11 December 2017. This applies even if you wish to export the lot and an export license is, or may be, required. You will not acquire title and own the lot until all amounts due to Christie’s have been received by Christie’s in full and funds cleared.

All payment must be made by credit card. We will accept Mastercard, Visa, Discover (including Diners Club International and JCB), American Express and China Union Pay (if the card shows the Visa or Mastercard logo) credit cards. Other methods of payment will not be accepted. Christie’s will only accept payment from the registered bidder – individual or entity. If you registered and bid as an entity in accordance with the Conditions of Sale and Terms of Use, the entity will need to pay for any purchases via a credit card issued to the entity account.

Provided that your purchased lots are paid for in full and funds cleared by the payment deadline, Christie’s will store your purchased lots free of charge until the relevant deadline for shipment, at which time purchases will be shipped to you at your expense and pursuant to the instructions you provided at the time of payment. You must indicate if you wish to have your purchases shipped domestically or internationally at the time of checkout. Payment for your purchase, including any applicable charges for shipping, and a provision of your final shipping destination, must be returned to Christie’s by the payment deadline to qualify for this extended free-of-charge storage. If shipping arrangements have not been confirmed for any items sold or such items have not been paid for in full, and funds cleared by the payment deadline, administration and handling fees may be charged at Christie’s full discretion. If such shipments can be facilitated, purchases will be shipped to the address you provide at checkout. Purchases cannot be delivered to P.O. boxes. Please ask for details from your customs agent, applicable government entity or other organization.

If you opt to collect your purchase(s) at Christie's, 8 Place de la Taconnerie, 1204 Geneva, Switzerland, please kindly email Christie’s Client Service centre at booksonline@christies.com to schedule your collection at least 48 hours in advance and to secure any relevant forms. Payment must be made online prior to collection.

If you do not collect your purchase(s) within two weeks after sale close Christie’s reserves the right ship them to you at your expense.

Should you send someone to collect your purchase(s) on your behalf, please complete a Letter of Authorization and send it to us at booksonline@christies.com prior to collection. Your representative must present a valid picture ID at the time of collection, such as a driver’s license or passport.

Conditions of Sale
FAQs
This lot is offered by Christie's eCommerce SA