Details
A THOMAS DE COLMAR ARITHMOMETER
PARIS, MID TO LATE 19TH CENTURY
the 6 x 7 x 12 model signed to the brass plate THOMAS DE [Colmar], INVENTEUR, EXPOSITION 16 RUE DE LA TOUR DES DAMES / S’adresser, 44 RUE DE CHATEAUDIN, 44, PARIS No. 1846, in wooden carrying case with inlaid cartouche Arithmomêtre.
18 x 7 x 4in. (46 x 18 x 10.5cm.) in case

Discover more about the part this object played in the evolution of the modern PC in our Christie’s Digest feature.

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Lot Essay



The first commercially successful calculator, the Arithmometer of Thomas de Colmar (1785-1870) was awarded a patent in 1820. His design for a mechanical calculator was based upon Leibniz's stepped drum mechanism. Throughout his life he worked to improved the mechanism for his machines.

This model has six entry settings, seven revolution counters and twelve windows to register the calculations. Two settings allow for Addition and Multiplication or Subtraction and Division. A contemporary review advertised that multiplications of eight figure sums by eight figure sums could be mechanically carried out in less than eighteen seconds. Thus eliminating the need for (expensive and time consuming) human computers.

With approximately only 60 machines surviving in private collections, the Arithmometer remains one of the rarest and most important artefacts from the age of digital mechanical computing.

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