FRANCISCO DE GOYA Y LUCIENTES (1746-1828)
They say yes and give their hand to the first comer (El si pronuncian y la mano alargan al primero que llega)
Plate 2 from: Los Caprichos
etching with burnished aquatint, drypoint and engraving, on laid paper, a very good impression from the First Edition, published by the artist, Madrid, 1799, the fine grain aquatint contrasting strongly with the burnished highlights on the girl’s skirt, framed
Plate:81⁄2 x 6 in. (216 x 152 mm.)
Sheet:113⁄4 x 8 in. (298 x 203 mm.)
Presumably Manuel Fernández Durán y Pando, Marqués de Perales del Río (1818-1886), Madrid.
Don Pedro Fernández-Durán (1846-1930), Madrid; with his stamp (Lugt 747b); presumably by descent from the above.
Don Tomas de la Maza y Saavedra (1896-1975); gift from the above.
With Herman Shickman Fine Arts, New York.
With Stuart Denenberg, Los Angeles.
Private American Collection; acquired from the above.
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Delteil 39; Harris 37
‘The etchings of Goya’s Caprichos culminate a decade in which social issues such as women’s rights, prostitution, and the indolence of certain nobles were addressed in both the periodical press and the theater. They offer a critique of social crimes against the ideal order as conceived by enlightened reformers, in which social responsibility and reason governed behavior, and love governed the relations of couples...(One of the) violations of the natural order addressed in these etchings is the practice of marriages arranged for reasons other than love. They Say ‘Yes’ and Give Their Hand to the First Who Comes is given pride of place within the published series as plate 2, immediately following the artist's frontispiece self-portrait. The action revolves around a young woman who has abandoned her basquiña [a type of traditional skirt] and mantilla for a white Empire gown, following the French fashion that swept Spain in the late 1790s. Standing in profile, steady and undeterred, she looks straight ahead as she extends her left hand to an old man waiting behind her...(to the right is a) motley crowd jaded by yet another marriage that defies the natural order: a marriage without love, between a couple who are of widely different ages...What motivates this bride? The eagerness of her attendants - possibly her family - implies that money and perhaps social status are to be gained. But the title...suggests also that the satisfied bride has now guaranteed herself the liberty to conduct her life as she wishes.'
Stepanek, S.L., Tomlinson, J., Wilson-Bareau, J., Mena Marqués, M.B., et al, Goya: Order & Disorder, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 2014, p. 136.